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Treatments for Dementia

Neuroleptics

Neuroleptics, also referred to as antipsychotics, are among the oldest drugs still in use. Originally used to treat schizophrenia , they were also known as major tranquilizers . Neuroleptics are still used in dementia to treat patients who have features such as hallucinations and delusions. The older neuroleptics (also called typical neuroleptics) such as thioridazine, chlorpromazine and haloperidol were often overused in people with dementia who had any type of behavioral disorder . Especially if the doses are high these drugs cause many side effects including Parkinsonism . Newer neuroleptics (often referred to as atypical neuroleptics) cause side effects less often, but there is a certain risk that they can cause stroke and other cardiovascular problems. Thus, for example, Health Canada has issued a warning that neuroleptics should be used cautiously.

See Also:
Symptom Library > Behaviour > Delusions and Paranoia
About Dementia > Types of Dementia > Stroke
Symptom Library > Behaviour > Hallucinations
About Dementia > Treatments for Dementia > Adverse Drug Reactions
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Last updated April 16, 2014
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