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Disorientation to Time | Management Strategies

  1. To help the person you care for be aware of time and date, make it a habit to speak of the day and the month each day. Hang a calendar by the bed or in the bathroom to help orient them if they habitually check off the days.

  2. A whiteboard listing the day, date, and planned activities or appointments will help the person you care for understand their day. Discuss their daily schedule as well as display it to help the person you care for feel oriented.

  3. A memory book can help keep family, friends and special occasions straight. It could contain photographs of people identified by time, place and date. Write the names, birthdays and wedding anniversaries underneath the appropriate pictures and review the book on a regular basis.

  4. It may help to create an established schedule of activities. This gives consistency and routine for the person you care for. The routine helps them better judge the passage of time and be better aware of the time of day. Allowing them to sleep all day makes it difficult for them to tell day from night. You could consider including exercise in their daily routine, particularly in the morning or early afternoon. This will pass the time during the day and will help them sleep at night.

See Also:
Symptom Library > Behaviour > Delusions and Paranoia
Symptom Library > Thinking & Judgment > Judgment
Symptom Library > Everyday Activities > Sleep Disturbances
About Dementia > Treatments for Dementia > Exercise
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Last updated January 15, 2019
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