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Memory of Recent Events | Management Strategies

  1. It is important to stay calm and patient when communicating with the person you care for. If you becoming upset or annoyed when they are having difficulty remembering something, you will only frustrate the person you care for further. This will increase their anxiety and make communication even more difficult. Create a caring and understanding atmosphere to encourage the person to keep trying.

  2. Before starting a conversation or giving verbal instructions, make sure that the person you care is paying full attention to you. Face them and get down to their level. Speak in a soft, calm voice, and avoid using lengthy verbal instructions. Do not use complex sentences and vocabulary.

  3. If you need to give instructions to the person you care for, break them down into small step-by-step tasks which can be completed individually. If the person you care for can understand what they read, it may be helpful to write out the steps for them.

  4. The individual's ability to remember and concentrate may fluctuate over time. For example, the person you care for may have even more difficulty remembering things when they are tired. Pay attention to the times of the day when the person you care for seems to struggle more and make an attempt to avoid tasks which rely heavily on memory . For example, visiting with friends requires the memory of names and the topic of conversation. Therefore, you might need to gently prompt them when they visit with friends.

  5. When in conversation with the person you care for, use gentle prompting to reintroduce yourself, or the topic of the conversation. If the person you care for stops in the middle of a task because they have forgotten what they were doing, gently remind them of the next step of their task. This may be possible by handing them the item needed to complete the next part of the task, or showing them how to do it.

  6. If you are asked to repeat something, do so using the same words as before. This way, the person you care for will not think you are saying something entirely new and will not become confused.

See Also:
About Dementia > Alzheimer's Disease > Memory
Symptom Library > Memory & Language > Memory for Names and Faces
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Last updated December 7, 2018
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