| Management Strategies
- Use contrasting colors wherever possible to help the depth perception of the person you care for. Any irregularities in floor appearance can be perceived as a change in elevation or depth, making their gait unsteady. Suggestions for consideration include installing tight-weave, wall-to-wall carpeting in a room and eliminating throw rugs. Similary, you may want to try contrasting plates and place mats, or installing coloured strips on the edge of stairs can be helpful.
- Increasing colour contrast in a room makes it easier for the person you care for to locate items. If you have matching wall and light switch, consider painting the light switch a contrasting colour. This will make it easier for them to find a light switch when entering a room.
- If the person you care for has difficulty with their sense of smell, make sure that you have a smoke detector and that it is working correctly.
- Do a weekly check on the refrigerator to ensure that there is no spoiled food which the person you care for may try to eat.
- Adjust hot water heaters to 120 degrees instead of the regular 150 degrees. This can prevent the person you care for from burning themselves if they are unable to tell hot from cold. As well, colour code water faucet handles to help the person you care for tell the hot and cold handles apart.
- Lock up the medicine cabinet and cleaning supplies to prevent the person you care for from accidentally mistaking them for something they can eat. As well, perfumes, soaps or other scented products may be harmful if swallowed.
- Limit noise levels whenever possible. Loud noise can be irritating and distracting for the person you care for.
- If the person you care for is not dressed for the weather because they have difficulty telling temperature, leave a coat or hat by the door to remind them to bring them along. If you are there at the time, remind them yourself of the weather, using statements such as "It is cold out and you could get sick."
- If the person you care for has difficulty recalling a familiar person, it may be helpful to subtly prompt them, by bringing the name and relationship to them into conversation. This will help to avoid embarrassment or confusion.